How to ensure the safety of goods in transport?
Exports and imports of goods are essential to maintaining order in the global economy these days. The task of the transport, forwarding and logistics industry is to ensure that each load ordered by the customer reaches its destination on time. However, the deadline is not the most important factor in this case. Proper protection of the goods and their effective access to the recipient are definitely more important. Losses resulting from improper preparation of cargo for transport may be incomparably higher than those resulting from delays in deliveries. During road transport, many forces act on the car. Each of these vectors affects the charge in some way, and the greatest culprit of much of the damage seems to be centrifugal force. There are also situations in which the goods are damaged as a result of circumstances beyond the driver's control, e.g. self-ignition, accident or flooding. Ensuring solid protection requires not only precise placement of goods in the loading space, but also appropriate insurance. Adaptation of the means of transport The transport of goods over a certain distance requires a precise selection of the means of transport - this applies to both domestic and international deliveries. The factors responsible for the choice are primarily the type of goods, its dimensions and, of course, weight. Correctness in this respect is of course associated with reducing transport costs and minimizing the risk of cargo damage, but it must also meet the requirements established by law. The task of the TSL industry is to ensure efficient and fully safe transport of goods using its various forms. In this regard, road, sea, air and rail transport can be mentioned. The last three groups are mainly used for long-distance transport, in particular intercontinental transport. Over shorter distances, road deliveries made using truck combinations are much more popular. Units are selected mainly on the basis of the product specification and its dimensions. Standard general cargo for transport on pallets does not require too stringent conditions. Therefore, for their transport, semi-trailers called "tarpaulins" are used. However, the same cannot be said for food or ADR loads. The former will require transport using isotherms or refrigerators, similarly, dangerous goods may need to control the temperature level, and in liquid form transport by tanker. The transport of oversized cargo, capable of moving freight exceeding the values provided for by the regulations, also requires careful planning and control. More details on oversize transport: https://enviogroup.com/ladunki/ladunki-ciezkie/ Methods of cargo securing during the journey The basis in the context of ensuring the safety of the load during transport is its proper arrangement in the semi-trailer. If the loading space is completely filled, the problem disappears by itself. Therefore, a strategy often used is neutral transport, enabling the transport of general cargo on pallets directed to multiple destinations. Then the so-called block mounting, which does not require any additional protection in the form of anti-slip mats. Nevertheless, there are situations that require the delivery of smaller batches of goods. Then it is important to choose the correct arrangement variant, which results in the need to calculate the load load on the axles of the vehicle. However, that's not all - the driver's task is also to choose the appropriate method of restraint, protecting against any movement of the goods during the journey. By far the most convenient option is the use of spreader beams. It consists in immobilizing the goods with the use of horizontal supports, installed depending on the method of arranging the load. A popular technique is to push goods to the side walls and place a beam between them. Nevertheless, this also requires appropriate conditions regarding the class of goods and its appropriate stiffness. Another way is to simply bolt. This is mechanical fixation, carried out without any specialized equipment. Very often, long beams acting as wedges are used for this. It is also impossible not to mention transport belts, and in the case of significant weights, chains, which are actively involved in the transport of many loads. These are tools designed for both open and closed semi-trailers. It is only important to have appropriate hooks located in specific places on the trailer.